Mineralization and liquid vitaminization

An innovative solution for cattle breeding

The supply of minerals (ionized) and vitamins liquid is a guarantee of insurance for the breeding of dairy cows. This form of intake allows a rapid and almost total absorption and thus, secures and covers the needs, regardless of the physiological stage of the animal.

Before and after calving (calcium transport), at the beginning of lactation, the need for minerals and vitamins are high while the animal’s ability to consume dry matter remains reduced, which is not the case for water consumption, which remains proportional to milk production and thus makes it possible to cover all the needs of the cow in minerals and vitamins.

At the peak of lactation, micronutrients and vitamins are also very high, but at this stage, the cow drinks a lot of water, so it covers her needs. Water is a very interesting vector for mineralization proportional to real needs.

According to a purely physical effect, minerals and vitamins in solid form descend into the rumen. As a result, these micronutrients remain in the rumen for a long time and the bacteria produced by the fermentation effect degrade the vitamins that play an essential role in the reproduction process (triggering and manifestation of heat, embryonic quality and therefore reproduction). . With a liquid form of intake, the vitamins are less degraded and better assimilated by the animal. Present in the water, they remain very little time in the rumen and are not degraded by the flora. It must be seen as a form of bypass effect.


The "modern" cow

The "modern" cow requires a lot more nutrients than her old sisters. One hundred years ago, cows produced enough milk to feed a calf (2-10 L).

Great food demand

Today, it is not uncommon for cows to produce 60 kg of milk a day. This high production is associated with a very high demand for food.

The fetus

In comparison, just before calving, the fetus requires about 10% of the cow's net energy intake.


When it comes to milk synthesis, it can use about 80% of net energy intake. The cow produces a lot of milk and simultaneously...


...it has difficulty meeting its own energy demands and micronutrient needs because of limited food intake capacity. The way to feed enough becomes a real challenge.

Strong deficiency

This difficulty of feeding automatically leads to a very strong deficiency of contributions of micros and macronutrients, since these, when brought in the classic form, are extremely deficient, since they are related to the ingested (MS).

The distribution of minerals and vitamins through drinking water

Water = Safety of intake

The vital needs for all living beings are in order:

  • The air
  • The water
  • The food

We must therefore consider the water necessary for life and an excellent vehicle for the supply of nutrients and micronutrients, essential to the optimization of genetic potential.

A sick cow consumes little or no fodder and feed, but consumes water.

Important: it takes 3 liters of water to make a liter of milk without taking into account the need for maintenance.

The consumption of water is not deficient in the lactating animal, unlike the dry matter.

The distribution of minerals by drinking water allows a proportional contribution to the milk production of the animal (cows and ewes)

The supply of micro ingredients in liquid form is a safety, via the drinking water.

We can adapt the intake of vitamins and trace elements, which are essential for high levels of production (eg milk production), without suffering variations in appetites.

The distribution of minerals and vitamins through drinking water


  • The more a dairy cow produces, the higher its needs are beyond its maintenance needs, and the more it consumes water.
  • Water is therefore a very interesting vector for mineralization proportional to real needs.
  • The decrease in the input of phosphorus and other elements is effective and permitted thanks to a 100% absorption.
  • The vitamins and minerals are separated until the injection into the water circuit, this protects the vitamins assaults until the last moment.

What are the advantages of the ionized form?

THE IONIZED FORM = Predigested elements = bioavailability = rapidity of assimilation

  • The ionized form allows much lower doses to be used with increased efficiency.
  • The ionized trace elements pass rapidly through the blood, without the need to digest them for assimilation.
  • Their speed of assimilation is then increased and thus the return to health, accelerated and the daily needs met.


Qualitative needs:

The catalytic activity of micronutrients is very often blocked by the hazards of modern life (voluntary or non-drug-preserving-dyes-etc … pollution, rhythm of life, stress, etc.), they are induced deficiencies. In this case, it is a qualitative contribution that must be appealed.

How do ionized trace elements act?

Because they are ionized, they can directly cross the oral mucosa and blood capillaries and be assimilated. Simply keep them in the mouth for 30 seconds before swallowing. A large part will immediately restart functions disturbed or slowed down by blockages.

What is a qualitative contribution?

The trace elements must be supplied to the organism in IONIZED form, that is to say, free from any binding, in a way predigested. The ionized form is necessarily in solution.

Why use them?

It is logically vital to use the elements that normally make our metabolisms work to bring them back to a satisfactory state, to rebalance them. The organization can thus dominate the situation again.

What are the advantages of the ionized form?

The advantage is a greatly increased bioavailability, which allows much lower doses to be used with increased efficiency. Ionized trace elements, like sugar (glucose), pass rapidly into the blood without the need, for their assimilation, to be transformed by digestion.

The ionized trace elements are perfectly identical to those of the diet; the ionized form only increases their rapid assimilation. When there is operating deficit, the faster it is filled, the less it will affect.

On the other hand, the use of ionized trace elements at low doses avoids overdose or intoxication, while remaining effective. The poisoning by the trace elements, although possible, is very improbable; indeed, it would be necessary to ingest at once 200 doses oligotherapeutic for the most toxic elements or up to 1200 doses for those which are less toxic.

Why is the catalytic use of micronutrients the only biologically integrated use?

A natural or synthetic drug is introduced into the body in order to act as well as possible on the target for which it is intended. It is substituted punctually and partially for the natural but deficient functioning of the body. In more or less short time, it is recognized as a foreign element to our body and is eliminated by our immune system and our emunctories. Provided that the drug is only fixed on the intended target and is rapidly biodegradable, therefore eliminable, there will in principle be no side effects.

The situation is totally different when using the catalysts that are micronutrients. These, because they are naturally part of the body will not be considered as foreign bodies, but will be integrated to act and remain in the naturally planned organic site. Example: the “life” life of iron in the body is about one hundred and twenty days, which corresponds to the life of the hemoglobin molecule that it activates, and in which it is integrated (catalysis) .

The catalytic use of micronutrients is therefore an integrated biological use and not a substitute use. This is not a value judgment, but a statement.

Trace elements: tiny, but essential

Micronutrients play a vital role in the proper functioning of the immune system, which is necessary to maintain the health of dairy cattle.

With the threshold limit for somatic cell count (SSC) penalties increasing from 500,000 to 400,000 in August 2012, it is worth taking the time to re-evaluate the presence of micronutrients in the dairy cow feeding program. . The trace elements contribute to the health of the udder and to the reduction of the number of somatic cells.

Integrating nutrition into health and disease prevention measures is one of the greatest achievements of dairy herd management over the last two decades. An adequate feeding program can promote the proper functioning of the immune system of dairy cows and play a key role in maintaining their overall health, including that of the udder.

When it comes to udder health, we can compare nutrition to one of the spokes of a big wheel and think about the different risk factors involved. Even advanced feeding programs can not prevent bacteria from getting worse. ‘introduce into the opening of the teat and cause infections. But other parts of this wheel focus on the importance of providing an adequate environment for dairy cows, ensuring proper milking preparation, using proper methods and implementing a udder health program. designed in collaboration with a veterinarian.

Nutrition plays two crucial roles in supporting the immune system of cows. First, it ensures food energy intake. The beginning of lactation represents for cows a very stressful period of negative energy balance; dietary energy intake helps to reduce the adverse effects on the immune system. Second, the provision of optimal amounts of certain trace elements and vitamins in the diet, including vitamin E, selenium, vitamin A, manganese, copper and zinc, can help the immune system function properly.

Most soils in eastern Canada are low in selenium, less than 0.6 milligrams of selenium per kilogram of soil. This means that the forage plants and grains grown on these lands naturally contain little of this essential nutrient. Conventional dietary supplementation with selenium thus meets the needs of the cow in this regard.

Zinc is another important mineral for immune function. Zinc contributes to the production of keratin, a teat canal protein that helps to capture bacteria. Copper and manganese are other trace elements that contribute to many other functions of the dairy cow’s body, including the ability of white blood cells to fight bacteria.

References: O’Rourke, D. 2009. Nutrition and udder health in dairy cows: a review. Irish Veterinary Journal. 62 (S): 15-20. Ceballos-Marquez, A., H. W. Barkema, H. Stryhn, I. R. Dohoo, G. P. Keefe and J. J. Wichtel. 2010. Milk selenium concentration and its association with the Atlantic Canadian dairy herds. J. Dairy Sci. 93: 4700-4709.

Blood test results

This work, carried out in Europe, aims to demonstrate the bioavailability, absorption and concentration of trace elements in the blood, depending on the form of intake either powder via the dry ration (RTM) or liquid via water watering.

Degradation of fat-soluble and water-soluble vitamins in the rumen

A, D and E:

Liposoluble vitamins A, D and E are absorbed by the intestine into the lipid micelles.

Vitamin A:

Essential for health, growth, reproduction, resistance to infection, antibody synthesis, survival and quality of embryos (embryonic and nurturing).

Vitamin D:

Calcium transport and absorption, protein digestibility, more visible heats, better success rates in first AI. Vit D3 (Cholecalciferol) becomes active after transformation in the liver and kidneys to finally act on the intestinal level on the absorption of calcium.

Vitamin E:

Cell metabolism as an antioxidant factor, protects Vit A and fats from oxidation in the intestine, stimulates the immune system (in synergy with Selenium to neutralize free radicals and peroxides).

Water-soluble vitamins, essential for cattle and their functions

Water-soluble vitamins:

Although these are synthesized by ruminants and sufficient at a certain level of production.

  • B1 (thiamine): Intervenes in the catabolism of carbohydrates
  • B2 (riboflavin): Promotes intestinal absorption of carbohydrates
  • B3 (nicotinamide): Promotes cellular redox processes
  • B5 (D-panthotenate ca): Intervenes in lipid and carbohydrate metabolisms
  • B6 (pyridoxine): Intervenes in the metabolic use of amino acids
  • B8 (Biotin): Promotes hoof quality and feed efficiency (metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and proteins)
  • B9 (folic acid): Cell multiplication (follicles), reproduction
  • B12 (cyanocobalamin): Promotes the function of red blood cells (in synergy with cobalt)